Posts Tagged ‘wubi’

WUBI Ubuntu and Cyrillic Russian in Open Office Word

December 1, 2009

Get a load of THIS:

In free Ubuntu, it is a PIECE OF CAKE, to change to ANY LANGUAGE. You just click on SYSTEM, and PREFERENCES, the keyboard will say USA, you click ADD, select RUSSIAN FEDERATION, and click that as default. NOW everything you type in Open Office Document will be as you see above, which is all three qwerty rows, first in lower case, and next in caps lock. And then, I copied it to the paste buffer, and had to go BACK to SYSTEM Preferences, Keyboard and click RESTORE TO DEFAULT to get the damn thing out of Cyrillic. So, IF you want to do a WUBI install of Ubuntu WITHIN your Windows environment, that is the easiest way, it takes less than an hour, automatic, with a DSL connection, and instantly comes up (with dual boot choice Windows or Ubuntu) with Firefox browser, Open office Document, Spreadsheet, and Presentation mgr. And, if you DONT like UBUNTU, you can delete it with PROGRAM ADD/DELETE and poof, its GONE.



November 20, 2009

Free AVAST is available for Ubuntu.

Visit the following link, download the .deb (for Debian, Ubuntu is a variant of Debian).

Once it installs, just right click and choose the first option to install AVAST.

Once the install finishes, you will find the AVAST link in Applications-> Accessories

When you first launch it, it will ask you to register to receive a key in your email. Fill out the registration and past the key from the email that will arrive.

First do an UPDATE to get the latest virus signatures. Then do a full scan.

My technique is to install something new FIRST on my machine which runs a Wubi install of Ubuntu on windows, because if anything goes wrong, it takes me much less time to reinstall that than to reinstall my pure Ubuntu 280 gig Gateway.

I posted several times at Avira forum, which is always very helpful, asking for Ubuntu install instructions. Finally someone gave me a link to a PDF about Avira Linux installs which seemed to require a kernal rebuild, which is way beyond my abilities. If only they had given me the above link, I could have installed it with a couple of clicks. I kind of gave up on the idea of having Avira.

The way I discovered this useful link is that I wanted to have an IRC client to seek advice from other Ubuntu users, so I went to synaptic manager and … well, first I installed ircii, but I saw no way to launch it, so then I installed Konversation, which has a gui interface and launch icon and places me right into an Ubuntu chat. I mentioned there about my interest in Avast for Linux-Ubuntu and someone gave me the above link that I need.

I went to the synaptic manager and found the CLAM antivirus scanner, and installed that.

I am sure my Wubi Ubuntu machine will be running that THOROUGH scan of the ENTIRE system for quite some time. But I want to try it out to the maximum before I put it on my Gateway.

I just now took a peek at the screen and it is paused because IT HAS FOUND A VIRUS, which it recommends moving to the CHEST for Quarantine,

Suela -1042 in host/pagefile.sys

which means it is scanning the windows portion of the hard drive, so I think I will ignore it, since that Windows portion gets scanned each day by Avira and also by MalwareBytes.

It is most curious that the file is flagged by the Linux version and not by the Windows version, so I will post this at the Avira forum and call it to their attention. I do believe that pagefile.sys is part of the Windows system and is always locked during scans!.

I never stopped to think that a COMPLETE system scan would include all the files in HOST, which is the Windows partition.


I decided to leave it alone for now, because if it moves my ENTIRE ROOT.DISK, i think it will crash my wubi ubuntu, and it COULD be a false positive!

Also in Windows, pav.sig!!!
Windows sys32 rzdicpya.dll

Also in Windows, Win32.adaware-Gen in system32/mhbo2.dll

Details of Network Adapter in Ubuntu

November 14, 2009


lspci -v | less

00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 82845G/GL[Brookdale-G]/GE/PE DRAM Controller/Host-Hub Interface (rev 01)
Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0
Memory at f8000000 (32-bit, prefetchable) [size=64M]
Kernel driver in use: agpgart-intel
Kernel modules: intel-agp

00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation 82845G/GL[Brookdale-G]/GE Chipset Integrated Graphics Device (rev 01)
Subsystem: Compaq Computer Corporation Device 00b8
Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0, IRQ 16
Memory at f0000000 (32-bit, prefetchable) [size=128M]
Memory at fc400000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=512K]
Kernel driver in use: i915
Kernel modules: i915

00:1d.0 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801DB/DBL/DBM (ICH4/ICH4-L/ICH4-M) USB UHCI Controller #1 (rev 01)
Subsystem: Compaq Computer Corporation Device 00b8
Flags: bus master, medium devsel, latency 0, IRQ 16
I/O ports at 2440 [size=32]


lsusb -v | less

00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 82845G/GL[Brookdale-G]/GE/PE DRAM Controller/Host-Hub Interface (rev 01)
Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0
Memory at f8000000 (32-bit, prefetchable) [size=64M]
Kernel driver in use: agpgart-intel
Kernel modules: intel-agp

00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation 82845G/GL[Brookdale-G]/GE Chipset Integrated Graphics Device (rev 01)
Subsystem: Compaq Computer Corporation Device 00b8
Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0, IRQ 16
Memory at f0000000 (32-bit, prefetchable) [size=128M]
Memory at fc400000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=512K]
Kernel driver in use: i915
Kernel modules: i915

00:1d.0 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801DB/DBL/DBM (ICH4/ICH4-L/ICH4-M) USB UHCI Controller #1 (rev 01)
Subsystem: Compaq Computer Corporation Device 00b8
Flags: bus master, medium devsel, latency 0, IRQ 16
I/O ports at 2440 [size=32]

Composing my post to Avira Linux forum

November 13, 2009

Dear Avira Forum Members –

I did search the Avira Forum on UBUNTU and found two links

The command from the second link

seems VERY USEFUL and understandable to me IF I already had Avira installed on my Wubi Windows install of Ubuntu.

sudo /usr/lib/AntiVir/avupdate –product=Guard


is too vague for a beginner to know how to install Avira on Ubuntu.

Your above first link refers to

which mentions that the target is Linux 2.6.31 and mentions some TAR downloads, but gives no indication about Ubuntu 9.1 (which is the what Wubi windows installer installs) nor does it give step by step instructions for how one might install it via the synaptic manager, or via sudo commands.

Therefore I shall post here in the hopes that someone might point out the kind of instructions that I need.


I would like to see a step-by-step beginners guide on how to install and run Avira in Ubuntu.

I did about 10 Wubi installs (and subsequent uninstalls) of Ubuntu for Windows on an old Compaq Presario with an 80 gig drive running Windows XP Home edition.

My only successful experiences so far with installing additional packages are by means of Ubuntus Synaptic Manager, installing Apache, PhP and MySQL (Lamp). If you check my blog post you will see in great detail not only the step-by-step method which finally resulted in success, but also the many times that I encountered problems and had to reinstall Ubuntu and start over.

It is my understanding from searching forums that Ubuntu is far less subject to malware, and the main motive for an Ubuntu installing any antivirus is to clean up things which might be emailed to a Windows user and infect them. I would appreciate hearing Avira Forum member’s views on this sort of statement.

I feel that IF Avira could make itself available on the Synaptic Manager, then Avira popularity would greatly increase for many reasons.

BUT, if there are some obstacles to placing Avira on the Synaptic Manager, then, a step-by-step tutorial on how to download, install and launch Avira under Ubuntu would become very popular for beginners who what to get their hands dirty on a successful install.

I will certainly post regarding such a tutorial at my blog and various forums and I do see some activity and interest as people search on tags.

I am truly impressed to see what Ubuntu is like. I only felt comfortable trying it when my step-son gave me his old Comaq Presario, which makes my third Windows machine, so I feel I can afford to be daring and take chances installing and using things that might destroy the Windows installation.

The other piece of the puzzle that made this Ubuntu experiment possible for me was realizing that I can connect additional computers to my Verizon DSL by means of an inexpensive Belkin Wi-Fi USB port adapter ($30 USD). If you visit my blog on the Wubi installation, you can see how I finally got Ubuntu to connect to the Internet.

The biggest obstacle for the beginner to try Ubuntu the lack of a solid step-by-step tutorial on how to install it, connect to the Internet, and then install other useful packages.

One post regarding Wi-Fi adapters and drivers on unix machines (and the issue of wrappers vs. native linux drivers) made one observation that really caught my attention, saying “two years ago Ubuntu was more like a toy, and it would have been difficult or impossible to connect Ubuntu via Wi-Fi, but two years from now Ubuntu will have matured into a serious option for businesses.”

I remember in the 1990s asking a Linux programmer out of curiousity if there were any businesses that ran on Linux. He surprised me by saing that Sy Simms Clothiers (“An educated consumer is our best customer”) was on Linux.

I started out with a Radio Shack Model I, moved to a Model III, then switched to MS-DOS machines on an inexpensive network product (not Novell). Finally, I moved to Windows in the 1980s.

The glimpses that I had of Unix and Linux gave me the impression that they were very difficult to use. I finally found a few years of stability using XP, and was horrified by the Vista problems in the rumor mill. I dont even hear anything very positive about Windows 7, but rather see commercial after snide commercial from Apple Mac, mocking Microsoft as an incompetent buffoon.

I wonder how Avira Forum members feel about the future of something like Ubuntu becoming dominant in the business world.

Years ago, I perceived MySQL as a kind of educational toy and curiosity. But now I receive re

But now that I have a glimpse of what Ubuntu is like, for the first time I have the urge to switch totally to open source and escape the uncertainties of proprietary software and license agreements.

P.S. I just went to a HUGE computer store near my home J and R Computer world in Manhattan, and I looked at EVERY wifi and ethernet card to see if ANY mention Ubuntu or Linux, and only ONE mentions LINUX which is and the card is only $10 USD. But it utterly AMAZES me that manufacturers so ignore such a market as Ubuntu.

I have found this forum VERY CORDIAL and helpful to me as a beginner, and you have EMPOWERED me to attempt things that I was hesitant to attempt because I do not have a lot of spare money or spare computers. But I do want to observe how OBTUSE most technical types are, especially in the LINUX world, when you go somewhere like SOURCE FORGE for example to download something, there is VERY LITTLE plain English (or plain German or French) instructions to help guide the beginner, and yet it is the BEGINNER audience, and adolescents who will one day become adult users and consumers of products and operating systems.

My Reply at Ubuntu Forums

November 12, 2009

[quote=cariboo907;8302876]The idea behind a server is to have a stable reliable platform for what you need to do, you’re starting out with 2 strikes against you already. A wubi install is not what I’d called stable and reliable, and using a wireless connection, it is stable and reliable, but it is slow, you don’t have the bandwidth of a wired connection.

I would just install the server version on the spare computer, and be done with the experimenting, you can just get down to work, and develop your app.[/quote]

Cariboo, you make excellent points! BUT there are a few very important points that have escaped your attention.

I am an elderly man who is unemployed and my funds are limited. Certainly the best way to tackle any problem is to throw gobs of money at it, and anyone who has money is a fool to waste their time tinkering with inexpensive do-it-yourself projects.

Whatever the shortcomings of Wubi, and Ubuntu running on top of Windows, there is definitely a place in this world for something like Wubi. There are young people who perhaps only have one Windows machine which they may need for other purposes.

They cannot afford to do something drastic to their machine like repartition it. But Wubi will allow someone even with an old machine and limited funds to at least install and try out Ubuntu to see what it is like. I can testify to the fact that one may install and delete Wubi Ubuntu many times (I have done so at least six times in the past 2 days). The only down side is that after you delete Ubuntu, there remains a 17 gig area on your hard drive which defrag cannot move. The Wubi install claims that when you reinstall, the system reutilizes that area. I imagine there is some kind of software that could free up the 17gigs, but I have no urgent desire to do so just yet.

Certainly no one is suggesting that a huge company like General Motors should be run on a Wubi install. But, I have learned an enormous amount in just the past few days on an old machine which was not being used, and which I could afford to lose if the drive was irrecoverable.

Here is a link to my blog post about my experiments with Wubi.

Today, I looked at Dell to see what they offer with Ubuntu on it, and I found a laptop with a Moblin/Linux remix which comes to under $700 even when you add all the bells and whistles. They do caution that it is more for developers, because it is not completely stable and out of beta.

I am sure that there are some readers who would love to do a Wubi install and play around just as I am doing. IF they stumble across my blog post, then they will find some step-by-step instructions which took me several days of guessing and experimenting to find.

The more there are in the world who have inexpensive easy access to some kind of Ubuntu, especially the very young, the more Ubuntu will grow in popularity and mature into something that one could run a Company on.

Wubi has its place for adolescents, hobbyists, and probably one day for one of those Ubuntu For Dummies books.

Someone is going to give me an old tower machine shortly, and I will take an Ubuntu install disk and make the entire machine an Ubuntu server, as you suggest. My first concern is to figure out how to get a Wi-Fi adaptor working on it.

I had no trouble at all getting my Belkin USB adaptor to work with the Wubi install. At my blog post I do mention one brand of adaptor which is said to work seamlessly with Ubuntu.

Anyway, thanks for taking the time to read my blog and offer your suggestions!

The Ease and Difficulties of Wubi Ubuntu

November 11, 2009


Each time I uninstall and reinstall Wubi Ubuntu, I begin posting each move step by step at the top of this post.

Realizing that my Ubuntu was hopelessly trashed by the fixes I had attempted. I do notice that defrag sits for a long time saying 1% done, and then it moves along quite quickly.

Judging from my previous reinstall, it should take 30 minutes for Wubi running in Windows to download the ISO from bittorrent, and then 30 minutes to reboot into Ubuntu and finish the install under running under Ubuntu (and not under Windows).

1)click on the shutdown button
2.) Reboot in Windows
3.) go to control panel TO add/remove programs and REMOVE Ubuntu.
4.) Reboot in SAFE (F8) mode to do a cleandisk, and a defrag. I am curious if there will still be the same 17gig unmoveable area of root.disk, or will it have grown larger?

Defragging should not take nearly so long as it did the first time.

While I wait for the defrag to finish, I am going to reassemble here from my notes what I believe are my subsequent steps.

Here is the link to the page which starts the Wubi install:

I realized I am going to be reinstalling frequently, so I have a shortcut on my desktop to the initial download of the installer from Wubi.

DEFRAGGING just finished, taking only about 10 minutes. I see that boot.disk is still 17 gigs and undefraggable (unmoveable) so at least it does not grow in size with each install. So now I shall reboot into regular windows, click on Wubi installer on my desktop, and an hour from now, I shall have the pleasure of repeating the other steps, namely, get wi-fi belkin adapter talking to Internet, TEST WITH FIREFOX TO SEE THAT I REALLY HAVE A CONNECTION, use synaptic manager as I guess which packages I need for apache php mysql and phpmyadmin.

I notice with some irony that I am commencing the Wubi Install at 3:45 a.m. and it was exactly 3:45 p.m. the PREVIOUS time I reinstalled, and I was finished by 4:30p.m. so lets see if it really only takes 45 minutes again.

I admire the ruggedness of XP on this Old Compaq to take such a licking and keep on ticking. On Line Armor fire wall, Avira antivirus and malwarebytes scanner seem pretty quite during all this. I was doing a number of virus scans in between, but I see they are clean, so I wont bother. I notice many people saying that Linux/Ubuntu is rather immune to viruses, and if on has an antivirus, it is only to scan emails and attachments destined to be sent to Windows machines.

With each new reinstall, I make a little more progress, and a few less mistakes. My next trial, when these installs are done, is to solve the reason why I cannot log into phpmyadmin with a user name and password, even though the install process PROMPTS me for a password. One post I found said that mysql default user is root and the password is blank. We shall see.

My reinstall took less than 45 minutes.

I am now logging in and will connect to my Belkin WIFI adaptor 1st thing.

At the top of the screen on the Ubuntu Desktop is a band called the Launch Pad, with some button icons, the most impressive of which is Firefox. Next to that is System -> Administration-> Network Tools


Now at the top right of the screen, on the launch pad, click the left most icon which represents wireless, and click on your routers wireless address. Mine happens to have a WEP KEY 40/128 bit key, but there are other choices. Key in the WEP key. Click CONNECT, AND immediately when it says connected, click on Firefox and go to any website, just to make certain, because If you THINK you are connected and you are NOT then the synaptic manager will give you lots of trouble and you wont understand why.


You will be prompted for your password, so give the password that you entered at the very beginning of the install.

Click on SETTINGS -> REPOSITORIES -> and see that Download From is UNITED STATES. If you cant find the apache php mysql packages, go back to this setting and choose MAIN SERVER. Although I think for this one I will go with MAIN..

Close the SETTINGS window. Look at the left of the Synaptic Manager and make certain that ALL is clicked. At the right you will see hundreds of packages to browse through, plus a search field. The search field does not seem to work, so page down until you see Apache2. Click on the box at the left next to Apache2 and MARK for installation. You will be shown a number of other packages that will be included. Click on MARK at the lower right of that window. Next, click on APPLY at the top of the synaptic manager window. A second window will pop up and you click on APPLY in the lower right of that window. A progress bar will show you that 9 packages are being installed. Finally you will see a window that says CHANGES SUCCESSFULLY APPLIED, AND YOU will click CLOSE in the lower right.

Now, click on the Firefox icon in the launch pad, click ONCE, and when the browser comes up, enter localhost in the URL field. IF the Apache install was successful, you will see a screen that says IT WORKS!

Return to the Synaptic manager, which should still be open, and scroll down all the choices until you see php5. Mark that for install, and it should say that three packages will be installed, and on apache package will be removed. Click MARK in the lower right, and then click APPLY in the Synaptic Manager window.

We will test to see that php has been installed by doing as follows:

But BEFORE we do this, we must run the TERMINAL and issue the following command:

sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

This will restart apache and allow it to SEE the php we have just installed.

I wanted to verify that php works by using gedit directly from the menu, to add a file to www/var/test.php and gedit said I do not have permission. BUT I remembered an earlier tutorial that had me do the same thing using the TERMINAL, which is as follows:

From TERMINAL key in:
sudo gedit /var/www/testphp.php

THE sudo COMMAND automatically grants me admin rights (super user I think, su). Then, type:

and , save the file
THEN, in Firefox browser, enter the address:


and if PHP is properly installed (which it now is) you see a detailed report of the status and settings of PHP.

By the way, you should know that you may copy from any web page into your paste buffer, click on the terminal, click edit, and choose PASTE to past the command into the TERMINAL for execution.

Now return to the Synaptic Manager and find Mysql-server, mark and apply.

And when that is done we will install phpmyadmin.

All I need to do is launch the Firefox browser and enter http://localhost/phpmyadmin/ and I am IN!
which I learned from THIS TUTORIAL

I discovered quite by accident that what I must do BEFORE phpmyadmin will allow me to log in with my user name and password is launch the TERMINAL and issue the following two commands:

sudo /etc/init.d/mysql stop

sudo /usr/sbin/mysqld –skip-grant-tables –skip-networking &

This stops the mysql daemon process and then restarts it, telling it to Start the mysqld demon process using the –skip-grant-tables option. Because you are not checking user privs at this point, it’s safest to disable networking.

I am sure there are many things I must learn and do to correctly configure mysql, but at least I have the beginnings of something that I can log into and begin creating tables, and php pages that manipulate the data in those tables.

My latest (I think the 4th or 5th) reinstall of Wubi Ubuntu 9.10 took exactly 1 hour (30 minutes to download the ISO from torrent and 30 minutes after reboot into Ubuntu to setup configure automatically) and this was on a Compaq Presario running Windows XP Home edition. I close that screen, the little icon whirls for a bit and SUCCESS, I AM CONNECTED WITHOUT THE FREEZE AND REBOOT.

Now, I click on Applications at the left, hover over ACCESSORIES, and navigate to TERMINAL, RIGHT click, and ask that the Icon be placed on my LAUNCHER PANEL, for convenience, because I am going to be using TERMINAL to issue Linux commands.

Now, at the top of my desktop to the right, which is called THE LAUNCHER PAD, I highlight SYSTEM and hover over SYNAPTIC PACKAGE MANAGER, which so far, in my experiments, seems to be the soundest and most straightforward method to install new applications, and I am going to attempt to install Apache, PhP and MySQL (LAMP). The Synaptic Manager first prompts me for my password, because it is going to alter the system and needs administrative rights. The user name and password are what you entered early on in your Wubi install.

NOW COMES THE STRANGE AND INEXPLICABLE PART OF THE SYNAPTIC MANAGER. I must browse around and locate the proper packages for Apache, MySqL AND PHP. And one does not always see the same choices displayed. I have to play around with different Internet sources which POPULATE the synaptic manager with packages. I switch from the USA server to some MAIN server, and now I am beginning to see packages that LOOK like what I need.

Finally, I spot Apache2. I click the little checkbox to the left to mark it for install. The synaptic manager AUTOMATICALLY chooses all the other packages that need to be installed with it and shows me a list. I click on MARK and then APPLY, and the install begins, tellig me that 6939KB of disk space will be used.

The PROOF that Apache has successfully installed is to launch the Firefox browser (which is in the top launch pad), and key into the browser address field: localhost. If Apache was successfully installed, a page should display which simply says IT WORKS!

The Synaptic Manager cannot install my packages for Apache right now because it cannot resolve certain things from the Internet repository. If one clicks on REPOSITORIES in the Synaptic manager one can see servers around the world, and choose different ones and reload.

Meanwhile, I did notice php5MySQL so I am MARKING that, but doing so simply ADDS that package to the Apache packages, so it will STILL have a problem resolving. And yet YESTERDAY I had no problem installing LAMP with the Synaptic Manager so perhaps later on or tomorrow, a server will be working.

SO, for now, I will shut down Ubuntu, and to do so, I will right click on the LAUNCH PAD (the bar at the top of the Ubuntu desk top) and I will choose to ADD an application to the launch pad, and I will choose ADD TO PANEL, and click on SHUTDOWN (which had a red icon with a circle in it and a notch at the top of the circle). This way, I can always click on that to power down.

(a few hours later) STUPID ME. I did succeed in making Ubuntu connect to my Wi-fi. I said it was connected. But I should have launched Firefox to confirm that I can get to places like

The reason the Synaptic manager was acting funny was because it did not really have Internet access. I went out to do some errands, and decided to leave Ubuntu running, just to see how long it stays stable. When I came back, I tried to use the browser, and realize that I wasnt really connected. I clicked the Internet section of Administration, played around, disconnected, connected, it prompted me again for the WEB key, and NOW I had Internet. And NOW suddenly I could install all the Apache, PhP and MySQL packages.

I wanted to verify that php works by using gedit directly from the menu, to add a file to www/var/test.php and gedit said I do not have permission. BUT I remembered an earlier tutorial that had me do the same thing using the TERMINAL, which is as follows:

From TERMINAL key in:
sudo gedit /var/www/testphp.php

THE sudo COMMAND automatically grants me admin rights (super user I think, su). Then, type: , save the file
THEN, in Firefox browser, enter the address:


and if PHP is properly installed (which it now is) you see a detailed report of the status and settings of PHP.

I also installed phpadmin, but I have to figure out how to launch it.

AHA, PROBLEM SOLVED! All I need to do is launch the Firefox browser and enter http://localhost/phpmyadmin/ and I am IN!
which I learned from THIS TUTORIAL

EXCEPT, now that I am IN the PhPMyAdmin login screen, it will not accept my password.

SO, I am following the tutorial at THIS LINK

I TRIED a number of things, and one of them, which was a “last resort” wiped out a number of applications already installed including open office, which is now no longer on the applications menu in the launch pad at the top of the screen.

SO, I am going through the huge list in the synaptic manager, and marking what I think I need for REINSTALL, and it is now downloading 300 packages for install. I doubt that this will work, but I want to see what happens, and what its like. I would even be curious to mark each and every package for install, just to see how big the Ubuntu installation would become. But what I will probably have to do is uninstall and reinstall Wubi Ubuntu, and work from my blog post notes to get it going again. I found a bunch of links addressing the problems of phpmyadmin and not being able to log in with user password. So I will keep on trying to keep on trying.

I am now entering Ubuntu for first time after this install, and my first task is to learn how to set up wi-fi to recognize my Belkin adaptor in an orderly fashion, without the system freezing and necessitating a reboot.

At the upper left of the Ubuntu desktop, I click on system -> administration -> Network Tools (which opens to the DEVICES TAB) THEN drop down the NETWORK DEVICE can choose WIRELESS INTERFACE. Next, I close those, and move to the right top of the Ubuntu desktop, and click on the left most WIRELESS icon, and click on CREATE NEW WIRELESS NETWORK. It is asking me for the NETWORK NAME, and that for me is a series of numbers, but other people actually make up a name in their router (one humorous one in my building is GET AWAY!!!). I am ready to enter my WEP key, and I am GUESSING that it is WEP 40/128 bit rather than WEP 128 bit (but I am not sure).

I would like to see everyone who is interested in Wubi installs in particular and Ubuntu Linux in general to collaborate in the production of a reliable step-by-step tutorial which anyone of average abilities can follow, to:

1.) Prepare a Windows machine (new or old), for the Ubi Install
2.) Select with care which adapter they will use for connection to Internet.
3.) How to may Ubuntu talk to that Internet adapter and wi-fi.

By the way HERE is one example at Dell’s site of one persons solution to creating a driver for a Wi-Fi adaptor. I merely post this to point the way to Dell Ubuntu forums as just one example of how serious Ubuntu is becoming as a choice in the marketplace.

Also take a look at these DIGG posts regarding the Moblin Linux Remix that is in the developer state.

4.) How to install LAMP (Linux Apache MySQL PhP)
5.) If possible how to install a Gui Admin tool for MySQL THAT APPEARS ON THE DESKTOP.
6.) Step by step how to build a simple but complete application which includes member login, email verification, and all that is necessary to safeguard against SQL injection into PHP.

IF WE CAN SUCCEED IN PRODUCING SUCH A TUTORIAL, then many around the world shall benefit by being empowered to migrate to Ubuntu, and Ubuntu itself as a community will grow stronger and more dominant in the workplace because our strength is in our users and the strength of each user is the tools and tutorials to build stable hardware software configurations which accomplish their tasks and goals in a sound and stable fashion.

1.) Made certain that the computer is as clean as possible of trojans and viruses by using Avira Antivir and Malwarebytes and then installing Online Armour firewall so that when you are in Windows, you will be protected against malware.

2.) Be certain to boot into SAFE MODE (holding down the F8 key as the machine starts to boot) and perform all virus scans a second time in SAFE MODE.

3.) Once you are certain that your machine is clean and your firewall is well trained in what is safe and trusted, then, delete or archive off line all unnecessary data so as to have the most disk space possible, and then run CHKDSK, DISKCLEANER, and then DEFRAG. It is important to run the defragger BEFORE you install Wubi Ubuntu, because the ROOT files in the Ubunto folder will be marked as not-moveable (and hence not defraggable).


The following link is all you need, in Windows, in your browser, to
start the Wubi install of Ubuntu (Linux/Unix), onto your Windows drive, with no partitioning, with all Linux files located in one windows folder which may be deleted in the event of an uninstall, and only a boot option to select Windows or Ubuntu.

I have installed and uninstalled Ubuntu about 4 times in the past two days for reasons that I shall explain.

You may REMOVE Wubi installed Ubuntu with the Control Panel ADD/REMOVE option, just as you would remove any other program.
The uninstall does NOT remove the dual boot option, but perhaps there is some way to do that, if desired.

Here is the link to the page which starts the Wubi install:

The install takes an hour using my Verizon DSL.

The install is totally automatic. Only towards the end will it ask for a name for login and a password. Then it will reboot, and you simply choose Ubuntu instead of Windows. When you first boot into Ubuntu, the install continues for about 30 minutes.

IF you have no intention of installing things like LAMP (Linux Apache MySQL PHP) then you are done, because you have an Ubuntu desktop with Firefox, Open Office, and many sorts of utilities.

BUT your next task will be to get Ubuntu connected to the Internet.

I already have a Belkin USB Wi-Fi connector working in Windows.
It took me several hours to figure out how to make this work, but when you know, it is rather simple. If you look at the upper right of your desktop, you will see a little icon which drops down to offer selections for Internet connection, one of which is Wi-Fi). You will see all the Channels available. You need to know the name of YOUR channel and the WEP KEY. I click on MY channel, and then, the whole system freezes. I have to power down and reboot and reenter Ubuntu. Once Ubuntu reloads, it will prompt me for the WEP key (and remember the key for furture sessions). There is probably a better way to do this which would not involved rebooting, but I found something that works, and I dont feel like experimenting more right now. (Note: since this post, I have decided to delete Ubuntu and reinstall, and determine an exact method of connecting to wifi with a WEP key WITHOUT have the machine freeze and having to reboot, which might result in some damage to the more fragile file structure of Ubuntu running on Windows folders and files.)

But, in all my searching in Google, it seems to me that there is no one tutorial which addresses all the things I need to do to get Ubuntu and Wi-Fi working, and then install Apache, MySQL and PHP.

In fact, part of my reason for posting this is so that I may document what I did over several days and remember it if I have to do it again in the future. I am posting this right now from a Foxfire browser running in Ubuntu.

AS I WAS TYPING THE ABOVE SENTENCE, Ubuntu froze up and I had to reboot. Now it is possible that part of the problem is the old Compaq I am using, with XP, service pack 2. I tried to clean it up as much as possible before embarking upon this Ubuntu experiment. It is to the credit of WordPress that I did not lose a sentence of this post, even though I had to reboot (however, I published and updated it frequently, out of fear of losing my work.)

I may be getting an old tower from someone, so I will have a spare machine to install Ubuntu from a CD, and totally reformat the drive, so that there will be no Windows involved. Ubuntu impresses me enough to make me want to put in the effort to experiment, and see if I can make it work.

I did google to see if there are any Wi-Fi USB adaptors which come with Linux drivers. I did find one, which I shall describe here and post. One forum pointed out that there are WRAPPERS, that can wrap around the windows driver and be used in Ubuntu, but a native driver is preferable to a wrapper. Also, if you put a wrapper around the windows driver, then you are tied to the user agreement for that driver (I mean, it is not purely open source).

HERE is the link I found about a wireless wi-fi adapter that supposedly works with no effort in an Ubuntu machine.

The AWLL3028 features a compact design and compatibility with USB 2.0 ports. Includes wireless encryption data with 64/128/152-bit WEP. Also backward compatible with 802.11b.

HERE is the link which alerted me to the above AIRLINK adapter.

I spent a lot of time a few years ago, playing around with WAMP which is Apache, MySQL, pHp under WINDOWS (while LAMP the same package under Linux). Remember that Ubuntu is a flavor of Linux which in turn is a flavor of Unix.

Having WAMP on your Windows machine allows you to have your own private Internet server (even if you are not connected to the internet). You can create SQL databases using MySQL, and you can create webpages using php which QUERY tables in your database, and add/modify/delete records.

So my next task was to find out how to install Apache and MySQL and PHP on my new Ubuntu install.

I will tell you up front what finally seemed to work for me, and then I will backtrack and explain the ways that didnt seem to work.

THIS link explains how to install software in Ubuntu using what is called System >> Administration >> Synaptic Package Manager.

I had to hunt around in that Synaptic Package Manager and kind of guess which installs had words like Apache, PHP, and MySQL. But once you find what you need, you just click a little box, and they install automatically.

I am positive that once I go to the huge Barns & Noble store near Union Square, I shall find books which talk one through these Ubuntu installations.

Once I had Ubuntu installed, and connected to the Internet through the Wi-Fi USB Belkin adapter, I was DESPERATE to learn how to install ANYTHING at all, and have it show up on the desktop.

I decided I would try to install AVG for Linux. I downloaded the package (named .deb for Debian which is what Ubuntu is compatible with)… I downloaded the file under Windows. Then, I booted into Ubuntu and navigated the file explorer to HOST which is actually drive C and all the Windows folders.

Once the AVG .deb file is downloaded, you boot into Ubuntu, locate the file, right click on it, and it offers you the option to install it into Ubuntu. Now the first great mystery after it installs is WHERE did it install. And the second great mystery is HOW might you place it as an icon on a desktop menu.

I never found out how to execute AVG. I now suspect that one gets into the SHELL and issues command lines to invoke these various programs. I further imagine that there is some was to create a batch script file of all those commands and place that on a menu.

I tried so man diffent ways to install things, that the files in the Ubuntu windows director became corrupted, and UNINSTALL could not delete them. I had to boot several times in Windows and Ubuntu and safe mode, with the compute hanging, until suddenly, the computer informed me that it was doing CHKDSK to repair whatever was wrong. Only then could I boot into windows and uninstall the corrupted version of Ubuntu. This is an illustration of the fragile nature of Wubi Ubuntu running under Windows.

Tonight, before I go to sleep, I am going to set DEFRAG running, which should take something like 5 or 10 hours.

After one succeeds in installing Apache, the test to see if it is working is very simple. Get into a browser and type “localhost” and it will pop up with a screen that says IT WORKED!

The way to test out MySQL is to click on a little black windowed terminal program, and get into SHELL. One must issue an SU command, and be prompted for the root password, so that one may issue these commands in root with admin status.

Here is the tutorial which helped me to ender the shell and issue MYSQL commands.

Post at

November 10, 2009

I realize you are overwhelmed at times and could not get to my post.

Please consider this solved.

My JHOOS experience inspired me to dig deeply into Avira Antivir support forum.

Part of my concern was that repeated scans by malwarebytes and avira, both in normal windows mode and save mode, did not seem to eliminate my problem. Avira support volunteers suspected that there were remnants of old McAfee and Norton installations which can only be removed by special and two special and little know uninstall utilities provided by McAfee/Symantic. Once I ran those uninstall utilities, Avira and and Malwarebytes were able to do their job, and I had a clean system. Then, I inquired which is the best firewall which would be compatible with Avira and was directed to Online Armor. Online Armor, in turn, periodically points a finger of suspicion at some file, and I can then google on it, and block it if I feel uncomfortable. I feel that the worst that will happen is that some other important application will cease to function correctly, and then I can unblock it, and that it is better to err on the side of caution than on the side of complacency.

Another tool which many speak well of but which always scared me is Ccleaner. When I saw so many people using it in the AV and Firewall forums, I took courage and experimented with it on the oldest and least important machine. It REALLY helped me with the old Compaq, because it quickly found and deleted 40 meg of temp files that I could not have manually found so quickly, and there was something buried in those that was giving Avira a hard time.

The scariest thing to me is REGISTRY. But Ccleaner allows you to make a backup before each change, and you can restore if something goes wrong. The real wisdom is to realize that one SHOULD NOT automatically clean up everything that the cleaner finds, but do a little at a time, and be ready to restore.

I have decided that it is good to join various fine forums like this and keep well informed about what problems others may be having.

Someone gave me their old Compaq XP from college (2002) and it was LOADED with 100 serious viruses and trojans even though it had a Sygate firewall (back when that was free) and symantec and spybot search and destroy and spyware blaster. But then, a college student may be too distracted to really stay on top of such AV and firewall software, update signatures, run scans, etc. The old Compaq is now clean and protected, and I can affored to take some risks with it and explore the unknown, so I did a Wubi Ubuntu install, which is blowing my mind away with awe and joy, since I never thought it would be so user friendly.

Thanks to all of you in all these fine forums! United we stand, divided we fall!

Compaq Adventures in Virus-Land

November 10, 2009

I went STRAIGHT up to J&R and bought a $30 Belkin USB Wi-Fi just like the one I installed on the old computer from work.

I wanted to be very conservative and buy only that, until I could see that this old Compaq works well with it.

It took me a couple of hours to make the Belkin recognize our Verizon Wireless, partly possibly because the Compaq, though XP, is only Service Pack 2, and hasn’t kept up with upgrades.

The Compaq machine automatically recognized the Belkin laser mouse from my boss’s machine, but did not recognize the USB keyboard. The keyboard from our original machine, non-usb, does work. Then I went back to Lourdes and got the old keyboard that was on the desk, and it works perfectly being non-USB as well.

The NEXT thing I did was install Avira-Antivir free antivirus, and also another scanner which they recommend from

I spent about four hours scanning and rescanning both in normal windows mode and in SAFE (F8) mode, and found OVER 100 TROJAN AND VIRUS INFECTIONS. I was shocked because Bryan DID have several anti-virus programs AND an old free firewall that I had installed (Sygate, which was bought out by Symantec some years ago, and is no longer free).

After several hours, I got the machine totally clean of malware, and then I downloaded the free firewall, Online Armor. Then came an 2 or three hours of “teaching” the firewall what is permitted/trusted and what is not. One the firewall was working ok, I then downloaded another highly recommended product, Ccleaner, which was able to quickly remove 40 megs of temporary files.

Finally, I did something I have always been itching to do! I used the WUBI installer for Ubuntu Linux, which is the easiest and least disruptive of all Windows Linux alternatives, as it DOES NOT REPARTITION the drive into a windows partition and a Linux partition. All it does is change the BOOT up to offer a Windows choice or an Ubuntu choice. It took about an hour to download and install.

Then came the fun part of booting up in Ubuntu Linux for the first time. The Wubi install is so smooth and automatic! And the Ubuntu desktop looks every bit as nice as Windows. I had no idea what to expect, and thought perhaps it would be something more DOS-like and primitive, with only a command line interface, like the old DOS days.

It took me about four hours to get Ubuntu to recognize the wi-fi and access the Internet, because there are not clear instructions, so I just had to click on every imaginable place, and try all sorts of WEP key/address combinations, but finally, I WAS ON-LINE!

I started all these efforts right after I left you, which was around noon, and I worked straight through until 6 a.m. this morning, when I finally was satisfied with my progress, and could not keep my eyes open another minute.

As soon as Ubuntu was connected to the Internet, the NEXT breathtaking thing was to click on FIREFOX browser (which comes ready installed in Ubuntu) and see that it feels JUST like being in a browser in Windows! So the first think I did was go to my Plurk (which is like Twitter, a microblog, but much more fun and interactive, and much easier to meet technical and intellectual types like programmers and teachers), and lose my Linux virginity my making my first post a PLURK post. Next I logged into Facebook, to make that my second post.

Ubuntu comes with all sorts of ready to use programs including I think Open Office which is the Linux shareware offering for Microsoft office, with spreadsheet, word processor, etc.

Unix came a long way to get to Linux, and Linux came a long way to get to Ubuntu, and Ubuntu came a long way to get to an easy Windows friendly installer like Wubi. But one can easily see why much of the World is attracted to an open-source shareware environment, even if it is less slick and more work compared to Micro$oft, with all their proprietary software which may one day be shelved/abandoned.

By the way, things like the Google search engine, are written in open source languages like Python, which is free for anyone to develop/support/enhance. Why write a massive application in some proprietary language/operating system, and then be at the mercy of that for-profit Corporation, and the vicissitudes of the marketplace and world economy.

(A side note: one article on the emergence of the European Common Union points out that they have enough clout to force Microsoft to conform to their demands, but the American government was not successful in a similar dispute with Microsoft.)

It is no wonder that many developed countries like Switzerland (as just one example) have declared that Linux is to be a required standard for all educational institutions.

The same praises may be given to open source software like Apache (an internet server), MySQL (a free database) and pHp (a programming language that interacts in a browser on the client side and interacts with MySQL on the provider/server side).
Packages of those three that run on Windows are called by the acronym WAMP (Windows, Apache, MySQL, PHP), and such a package that runs under Linux is called LAMP.

Now I must post at the Avira anti-virus support forum and the Online Armor support forum to ask how their products can best be made to integrate with Ubuntu.

I think my next purchase will be a $10 Belkin laser mouse (Microsoft also had one for $10 but a technician told me that the Belkin’s last a bit longer). And I will get a decent power strip with a long cord. So all I will need is that monitor you mentioned, which I am sure will be adequate.

At some point I want to get one of those deals from Sancor that offers 6 or 12 memory sticks 2 gig on a shrink-wrapped board, then that would be useful, because I am learning of ways to format them into useful things like Avira Rescue disks that one can even BOOT from, should the machine become unbootable from malware.

Finding and removing lots of viruses is as much fun as squeezing zits (so gross, yet so true.)

And you can see how much MORE fun I had that simply getting a new machine (which is not what it is really about at all). When I have a spare machine, like Bryan’s then I can afford to be far more bold and daring in trying out things like REGISTRY cleaners (Ccleaner) and Ubuntu installs.

Oh, and around 3am, I decided to install Google’s CHROME browser (which I have never tried), simply so I could have an up-to-date browser to delete and reinstall Firefox, because the Firefox was so old that it didn’t want to upgrade. And the Internet Explorer was also too outdated to allow me to do all the Microsoft Windows updates that havent been done for several years. Finally, I discovered a way to tell Windows itself to automatically download Windows updates (because I never could get update feature to work in Internet Explorer browser.)

About DAZUKO from Avira for Linux

Installing DAKUZO in Linux/Ubuntu