Archive for the ‘Mandarin’ Category

Rosetta Stone Mandarin Chinese Notes

September 7, 2011

Rosetta Stone Mandarin (Simplified Characters) Level I, Lesson One – NOTES

THESE SORTS OF NOTES AND TRANSLATIONS AND USEFUL LINKS SHOULD BE MADE

AVAILABLE BY ROSETTA STONE.  STUDENTS SHOULD JOIN TOGETHER ON INTERNET TO COMPILE SUCH USEFUL INFORMATION. ROSETTA STONE IS THE BEST BUT IT COULD BE BETTER!!! (MY SUGGESTION)

Very useful pinyin dictionary for Mandarin

中国语文   中文

huì shuō Zhōngwén ma?

Do you speak Chinese?

你说中国话吗?

Nǐ shuō zhōngguó huà ma?

My new Chinese name

Surname (first character)

畢- Bì – Complete

Given Name (middle character)

  • Wei
  • comfort, console, calm

Given Name (last character):

  • lun
  • debate; discuss; discourse

威廉 – william

威 – – prestige

廉 – – inexpensive incorrupt

honest and clean

You were born in the Year of the Ox

威論 -Wēi lùn -Prestige theory

威廉 -Wēilián – William

鐘 – Zhōng- bell

慰 Wèi – comfort

論 Lùn – theory

慰 論 – Bì wèi lùn –

威論

http://pinyin.sogou.com/

http://www.pinyinput.com/?lang=en

http://quizlet.com/5670192/chineseclo-1-5-flashcards/

猪 – Zhū – pig

竹 – Zhú – bamboo

做 – Zuò – do (cook)

http://mandarin.about.com/od/dailymandarin/a/bijiao.htm

http://maryeaudet.hubpages.com/hub/SpeakMandarinChinese

http://www.chineseforums.com/index.php?

http://www.jongerow.com/chinese.html

http://hktv.cc/cd/hanyupinyin/?q=gege&srch=go

http://www.zhongwen.com/

http://www.quickmandarin.com/chinesepinyintable/

http://www.wix.com/larzrox/china/page-2

http://translate.google.com/#zhCN|en|zhe%20shi%20shen%20mi

http://www.wordschinese.com/pinyinconverter

http://resources.rosettastone.com/assets/ollc/1311702590/assets/pdfs/course_contents/rs/level_1/CHI.pdf

http://quizlet.com/6149580/l1004-flashcards/

http://www.echineselearning.com/newsletter/issue-03/Conversation.html

http://www.learnchineseez.com/lessons/mandarin/pinyin/page11.html

“What is this?” = Zhè shì shén me

这是什么

http://translate.google.com/#zhCN|en|zhe%20shi%20shen%20mi
“What is this?” = Zhè shì shénme
这是什么

zhe shi yi zhi bi = this is a pen

这是一支钢笔

Zhè shì yī zhī gāngbǐ

果汁

Guǒzhī

fruit juice

他有书

Tā yǒu shū

He has book

http://translate.google.com/#en|zhCN|he%20has%20book%0A

一份报纸

Yī fèn bàozhǐ

a newspaper

yi ge nan hai zi he yi ge nan ren

A boy and a man

一个男孩子和一个男人

再见

Zàijiàn

Goodbye

nan ren = man

麻  Má

Noun

hemp

cannabis

flax

sesame

tingling

leprosy

Verb

have pins and needles

Adjective

numb

pockmarked

flaxen

pocked

pocky

nǐ hǎo = How you?

nán rén = male(s) 男人

nǚ rén = female(s) 女人

nán hái zi = male child/children

一个男孩 – a boy

nǚ hái zi = female child/children

guǒ zhī  = fruit juice 果汁

chá  = tea 茶

shuǐ  = water

bào zhǐ = newspaper

http://quizlet.com/3861611/icl1p1l02-d1-flashcards/

爸爸 Bà ba – Father

母亲 mā ma = Mother

孩子 child hái zi

谁 who – shéi

弟弟 younger brother – dì di

女孩子 girl – nǚ hái zi

女 female – nǚ

妹妹 – younger sister – mèi mei

女儿 – daughter – nǚ’ér

有 – to have; to exist (there is/are) – yǒu

儿子 – son – ér zi

没 – not (negation) – méi

小 – small; little – xiǎo

高 – (a surname); tall; high – gāo

朋友 – friend – péng you

shū = book

人 (rén, “person”)

yí ge nǚ rén = 一个女人 = a female

yí ge nán rén = 一个男人 = a male

zhè ge nǚ rén zài hē  shuǐ 這個女人在喝水

woman drinks water – drinking = 在喝

zhè ge nán rén zài chī fàn 這個男人在吃飯 The male eating (at dinner)

吃飯 Chī fàn eat

yí  ge nán hái zi – a boy – 一個男孩子

yí  ge nǚ hái zi – a girl – 一個女孩子

yí  ge nán hái zài chī fàn 一個男孩子 在吃飯

A boy at dinner

yí  ge nán hái zi zài hē  shuǐ 個男孩子 在喝水

在喝 – drinking

在 – in

tā men zài kàn bào zhǐ

他們在看報紙 they read newspapers

tā zài hē chá

她 ta – she

在 zài – in

喝 hē – drink

茶 chá – tea

他們在 tā men zài – they

zài zuò fàn – prepare food

做 –  zuò – do

你在干什么 Nǐ zài gànshénme – What are you doing

在 – zài – in

zhè xiē nǚ

这个男孩子在吃饭 Zhège nán háizi zài chīfàn – the boys at dinner

这 this

个 a

男 nan – male

孩 Hái – child

这些男人在喝水  Zhèxiē nánrén zài hē shuǐ

子 Zi child

在 – Zài – in

吃 – Chī – eat

这些男人 Zhèxiē nánrén – these men

这些 Zhèxiē  – these

gong you???

手机 – Shǒujī –  phone

– chuāng hu – window

wei sheng jian

浴室 bathroom Yùshì

mǎ tǒng toilet 馬桶

http://mandarin.about.com/od/vocabularylists/tp/household.01.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinyin

电脑 – diàn nǎo  – computer (electric brain)

http://www.ehow.com/video_4403984_write-_computer_-chinesesymbols.html

diàn – electrical

film / move – yǐng

kàn = watch/read/look at

看电影 Kàn diànyǐng – watch a movie

看电视 Kàn diànshì – watch televison

收听电台 Shōutīng diàntái listen to radio

现代科学技术 Xiàndài kēxué jìshù – modern science and technology

LESSON 2 VOCABULARY

yí tào gōng yoù

公寓 Gōngyù – apartment

套 tào – set

一套衣服 Yī tào yīfú – A set of clothes

一套 Yī tào SET

一套 公寓 – Yī tào gōngyù – Apartment

Apartment

房子 Fángzi – house

yí  zuò

座 Zuò Tower

仪座房子 – a house

仪 Yí – instrument

座 Zuò Tower

房 Fáng Room

子 Zi Child

http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html

一扇 yí shàn mén – a door

一台电视机 Yī tái diànshì jī – one television

一台 yí – a

一台收音机 Yī tái shōuyīnjī – a radio

yì tái

电脑 – diàn nǎo  – computer

一台台式电脑 yí tái tái shì diàn năo, desktop computer

http://quizlet.com/3693864/random-1-flashcards/

一台笔记本电脑 yì tái bĭ jì bĕn diàn năo – laptop computer

zhè tái  diàn năo zài zhūo zi shang

这本书在桌子上 – Zhè běn shū zài zhuōzi shàng – The book on the table

桌子上 Zhuōzi shàng – table

zhè ge shōu yīn jī zài zhuōzi shàng

zhè ge shōu yīn jī zài yǐ zi shang

这只猫在电视上 Zhè zhǐ māo zài diànshì shàng Cat on TV

http://quizlet.com/2855622/rosetta-2-flashcards/

这个收音 Zhège shōuyīn – the radio

这把椅子 – Zhè bǎ yǐzi – this chair

zhè zhī māo zài diàn shì shang

在 zài – in

一只猫 -Yī zhǐ māo- a cat

這隻貓在 Zhè zhī māo zài – Cat in

猫在电视上 Māo zài diànshì shàng – cat on television

http://forum.wordreference.com/showthread.php?t=1796055

这 – zhè – this

支 zhī support

zhè ge

苹果 – Píngguǒ – apple

zhè ge = this

http://forum.wordreference.com/showthread.php?t=1796055

zhè xie = these

这 Zhè – this

這個 Zhège this

帽子 Màozi – hat

帽子里 Màozi lǐ – hat

zhè xiē yào shi zài xié zi lǐ

http://www.slideshare.net/stephjlee17/cczhcnlevel1-7868047

在鞋 Zài xié – in a shoe

子里 Zi lǐ Yard

在鞋子里 – Zài xiézi lǐ – in his shoes

http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/y%C3%A0o

这些钥匙 – Zhèxiē yàoshi – These key

这些钥匙 在鞋子里 -Zhèxiē yàoshi zài xiézi lǐ -The keys in his shoes

zhè tái diàn nǎo zaì chē lǐ

这台电脑 – zhè tái diàn nǎo – This computer

http://english.cri.cn/3426/2006/07/13/102@113906.htm

车 – Chē – car

里 – Lǐ – In

chuáng xià bian

床 -chuáng -bed

下边 – xià bian – under

zhuō zi xià bian

下表 – Xià biǎo- under table

桌子 – Zhuōzi – table

衬衫 chèn shān – shirt

chē shàng bian

http://77chinese.com/web/news.aspx?cid=98

chē vehicle

chéng ride ; to drive

cháng zhǎng long ; be good at

車上邊 Chē shàngbian – side of car

这是窗口 Zhè shì chuāngkǒu – this is window

yí shàn chuāng hu

http://quizlet.com/3090869/homevocabrandomflashcards/

窗 chuāng window

一扇窗戶 這 – Yī shàn chuānghù zhè – This is a window

这只猫在电视上  Zhè zhǐ māo zài diànshì shàng – cat on tv

yí ge mǎ tǒng

馬桶 – mǎ tǒng – toilet

wǎn chí

洗碗池 Xǐ wǎn chí – kitchen sink

yì jiān kè tīng – family room

kè tīng. 客厅 living room

一間客廳 – yì jiān kè tīng – a living room

http://quizlet.com/6133171/roomsanddaysflashcards/

zhè wèi mǔ qin  zài yōng bào tā nǚ ér

這位父親在擁抱他的兒子 The father hugged his son

Zhè wèi fùqīn zài yǒngbào tā de érzi

這 Zhè – This

位 wèi  position

父 – Fù – father

父親 – Fùqīn – father

母亲 – Mǔqīn – mother

親 – Qīn – parent

在 – Zài – in

擁 – Yōng – own

抱 – Bào – hold

他 – Tā – he

的-  De – Of

兒 – Er – Child

子 – – Child

兒子 – Érzi – Son

女儿 – Nǚ’ér – daughter

zhè ge mèi mei

mèimei younger sister

http://hktv.cc/cd/hanyupinyin/?q=meimei

ge older brother
xiānsheng husband
tàitai wife
mèimei younger sister
wàigōng maternal grandfather

 

di brother

听收音机 tīng shōu yīn jī – listen to the radio

wǒ men zhù zài yí tào gōng yù lǐ

你的报纸在桌子上 -Nǐ de bàozhǐ zài zhuōzi shàng – your newspaper is on the table

我们住在一座房子里 -Wǒmen zhù zài yīzuò fángzi lǐ – we live in a house

我們住在一套公寓裡 – wǒ men zhù zài yí tào gōng yù lǐ- we live in an apartment

luó Rome
Paris , capital of France
Moscow , capital of Russia
where?

你住在哪里 – Nǐ zhù zài nǎlǐ – where do you live

我们住- wǒ  men zhù – we live

你们住 – nǐ  men zhù – you live

yì ge nán rén hé yì zhī gǒu

a man and a dog

一個男一人和狗

毛衣 – Máoyī – sweater

yí jiàn máo yī

一件 – Yī jiàn – A

褲 -Kù – pants

皮帶 – Pídài – belt

一条 – yì tiáo – A

北上广深 – Běishàng guǎng shēn – North of Guangzhou-Shenzhen

A man and a dog         Yīgè nánrén hé yī zhǐ gǒu 一個男一人和狗

A woman and her dog Yīgè nǚrén hé tā de gǒu 一個女人和她的狗

A girl and a horse        Yīgè nǚ háizi hé yī pǐ mǎ

A policeman and his horse     Yī wèi jǐngchá hé tā de mǎ

A man and his car       Yīgè nánrén hé tā de chē

A woman and her car Yīgè nǚrén hé tā de chē

A man and his cat       Yīgè nánrén hé tā de māo

A woman and her cat  Yīgè nǚrén hé tā de māo

They (girls) are eating their sandwiches        Tāmen zài chī tāmen de sānmíngzhì

They eat their apples. Tāmen zài chī tāmen de píngguǒ

They read Newspapers          Tāmen zài kàn tāmen de bàozhǐ

They (girls) look at their books            Tāmen zài kàn tāmen de shū

They look at their books          Tāmen zài kàn tāmen de shū

He reads his book       Tā zài kàn tā de shū

She reads her book    Tā zài kàn tā de shū

She ate her apple        Tā zài chī tā de píngguǒ

He ate his apple          Tā zài chī tā de píngguǒ

They (female) ate their apple  Tāmen zài chī tāmen de píngguǒ

Family Yī jiā rén

A woman and her daughter    Yīgè nǚrén hé tā nǚ ér

A man and his son      Yīgè nánrén hé tā érzi

A boy and his father    Yīgè nán háizi hé tā fùqīn

A girl and her mother  Yīgè nǚ háizi hé tā mǔqīn

Daughter         nǚ ér

Son      érzi

Father  fùqīn

Mother mǔqīn

A baby Yīgè yīng’ér

Two girls and their parents     Liǎng gè nǚ háizi hé tāmen fùmǔ

A girl and her parents  Yīgè nǚ háizi hé tā fùmǔ

A woman and her husband     Yīgè nǚrén hé tā xiānshēng

A man and his wife     Yīgè nánrén hé tā tàitài

A woman and her child           Yīgè nǚrén hé tā háizi

A father and his daughter        Yī wèi fùqīn hé tā nǚ’ér

Parents and their sons           Fùmǔ hé tāmen er zi

A mother and her baby boy     Yī wèi mǔqīn hé tā de yīng’ér

Parents and their daughter     Fùmǔ hé tāmen nǚ’ér

A man and his wife     Yī wèi xiānshēng hé tā tàitài

A father and his children         Yī wèi fùqīn hé tā háizi

A boy and his dog playing       Zhège nán háizi hé tā de gǒu zài wán

A woman and her cat playing Zhège nǚrén hé tā de māo zài wán

A mother and her daughters playing   Zhè wèi mǔqīn hé tā nǚ’ér zài wán

A father and his sons playing  Zhè wèi fùqīn hé tā érzi zài wán

The son is not playing, the father is playing    Zhège érzi méi zài wán, tā fùqīn zài wán

The children are not cooking, their father is cooking  Zhèxiē háizi méi zài zuò fàn, tāmen fùqīn zài zuò fàn

The father is not reading a book, his daughter is reading a book       Zhè wèi fùqīn méi zài kàn shū, tā nǚ’ér zài kàn shū

Who is drinking Juice?            Shuí zài hē guǒzhī?

Who is sleeping          Shuí zài shuìjiào?

Who is playing?          Shuí zài wán?

Who is eating?            Shuí zài chīfàn?

This is my daughter    Zhè shì wǒ nǚ’ér

This is my son            Zhè shì wǒ érzi

This is my mother       Zhè shì wǒ mǔqīn

This is my bike            Zhè shì wǒ de zìxíngchē

This is my bed            Zhè shì wǒ de chuáng

This is my father         Zhè shì wǒ fùqīn

http://quizlet.com/6144089/test-001-flashcards/

http://quizlet.com/4024539/rosetta-12-flashcards/

http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E5%A4%A9

http://quizlet.com/subject/mandarin/

http://quizlet.com/1232953/chineseiset-2-flashcards/

http://www.chinesetools.com/tools/pinyineditor.html

ā ē ī ō ū ǖ

á é í ó ú ǘ

ǎ ě ǐ ǒ ǔ ǚ

à è ì ò ù ǜ

a e i o u ü

++++++

ā ē ī ō ū ǖ

á é í ó ú ǘ

ǎ ě ǐ ǒ ǔ ǚ

à è ì ò ù ǜ

a e i o u ü

(a spare in case I clobber characters)

yì jiān kè tīng

chá    茶

sān míng zhi        三明治 Sandwich

zhè xiē       這些

miàn bāo    麵包 Bread

yóu yǒng    游泳

tā men        他們

ni˘ hao˘       你好

nǚ rén         女人

hē guǒ zhī  喝果汁

nán rén       男人

kàn shū      看書

hái zi 孩子

guǒ zhī       果汁

nǚ hái zi      女孩子

zhè ge        這個

chī fàn.       吃飯

shui˘  水

xiě zì 寫字

tā men zài chī fàn.        她們在吃飯。

kàn bào zhǐ 看報紙

zuò fàn       做飯

pǎo bù        跑步

kàn    看

tā men zài xiě zì. 他們在寫字。

hàn    和

zhè zhī gǒu zài kāi chē.          這隻狗在開車。

bào zhi˘      報紙

huáng se    黃色 Yellow

miàn bāo hàn shui˘       麵包和水 Bread and water

yì zhī māo  一隻貓 A cat

niú nǎi         牛奶 milk

jī dàn 雞蛋 eggs

zài jiàn        再見 Goodbye

yí ge píng guo    一個蘋果 An apple

shu¯ 書

kā fēi 咖啡 Coffee

méi yǒu, tā méi zài shuì jiào. 沒有,她沒在睡覺。No, she did not in sleep

méi yǒu      沒有

shuì jiào     睡覺 Sleep

kā fēi hàn yí ge jī dàn   咖啡和一個雞蛋 Coffee and an egg

yì tiáo yu    一條魚 A fish

zhè zhī gǒu zài chī dōng xi.   這隻狗在吃東西。 The the dog eating

yì zhī gǒu   一隻狗 A dog

lán se         藍色 Blue

mǐ fàn hàn yí ge píng guo     米飯和一個蘋果 Rice and an apple

mǐ fàn         米飯

zhè ge nǚ hái zi zài zǒu lù.     這個女孩子在走路。This girl walking

duì    對

yì zhī māo zài xiě zì.     一隻貓在寫字。A cat on writing

xiě zì 寫字

tā yǒu yì běn shū.         他有一本書。He has a book

zhè zhī gǒu zài yóu shuǐ.        這隻狗在游水。Dog at swimming

zhè tiáo yú zài yóu.       這條魚在游。Fish in the swim

tiān kōng    天空 Sky

yì duǒ huā  一朵花

zhè duǒ huā hěn xiǎo.  這朵花很小。

bái se         白色

yì pǐ ma      一匹馬

tiān kōng shì lán sè de.         天空是藍色的。

tā men shì jǐng chá.      他們是警察。

jǐng chá      警察

zhè pǐ mǎ zài yóu shuǐ ma?   這匹馬在游水嗎?

zhè tiáo yú hěn dà.       這條魚很大。

tā men yǒu yí fèn bào zhǐ.     他們有一份報紙。

yí fèn bào zhǐ      一份報紙

nǐ zài zuò shén me?     你在做甚麼?

zuò    做

shén me     甚麼

zhè zhī māo zài shuì jiaò.      這隻貓在睡覺。

yì liàg che¯          一輛車

liàng  輛

hóng se      紅色

kāi chē       開車

yī shēng     醫生

zhè shì shén me?        這是甚麼?

zhè ge qiú shì hóng sè de.   這個球是紅色的。

qiú     球

cǎo   草

tài yáng      太陽

tài yáng shì huáng sè de.      太陽是黃色的。

zhè pǐ mǎ zài pǎo.        這匹馬在跑。

pǎo   跑

yì tiáo yu zài kàn bào zhǐ.       這條魚在看報紙。

hēi se         黑色

zài jiàn        再見

cǎo shì lǜ sè de. 草是綠色的。

wu˘    五

lán     藍

zhè shì mǐ fàn.    這是米飯。

sì      四

wǒ yǒu yì běn lǜ sè de shū.  我有一本綠色的書。

zhè lǐ 這裡

duō shǎo    多少

zhè lǐ yǒu duō shǎo tiáo yú?  這裡有多少條魚?

lǎo shī        老師

shǒu jī        手機

zhè ge nán hái zi méi yǒu bǐ. 這個男孩子沒有筆。

bǐ.      筆

méi yǒu      沒有

nín yǒu shén me?        您有甚麼?

xué shēng  學生

lǜ       綠

niǎo dàn     鳥蛋

zhuō zi        桌子

duō shǎo wèi jǐng chá?          多少位警察?

liù      六

zài mǎi yí jiàn dà yī.      在買一件大衣。

mǎi    買

yí jiàn dà yī 一件大衣

zhè zhī māo shì hēi sè de.    這隻貓是黑色的。

yí jiàn          一件

zhè xiē nǚ hái zi shì jiě mèi.   這些女孩子是姐妹。

yīng ér        嬰兒

zhè ge nán rén dài zhe mào zi.       這個男人戴著帽子。

dài     戴

mào zi        帽子

xié zi 鞋子

niǎo   鳥

diàn huà     電話

yí jiàn dà yi 一件大衣

chuān         穿

pán zi         盤子

yi˘ zi  椅子

wǎn   碗

yì jiā rén     一家人

kù zi  褲子

yí jiàn chèn shān 一件襯衫

zhè duǒ huā shì hóng sè de. 這朵花是紅色的。

tài yáng      太陽

zhè wèi yī shēng yǒu bào zhǐ.         這位醫生有報紙。

yī shēng     醫生

wèi    位

yì tiáo qún zi        一條裙子

yì tiáo         一條

sì ge wǎn   四個碗

zhè lǐ yǒu liǎng ge shǒu jī.     這裡有兩個手機。

lǐ        裡

péng you    朋友

yì zhāng chuáng  一張床

xiōng dì      兄弟

méi   沒

wán   玩

zhè ge ér zi méi zài wán, tā fù qīn zài wán.        這個兒子沒在玩,他父親在玩。

xiān sheng 先生

yì dǐng mào zi      一頂帽子

nǐ jǐ suì?     你幾歲? nǐ jǐ suì?

nǐ duō dà?  你多大?

yí jīen gōng yu     一間公寓

yí jīen fáng zi       一間房子

yí shàn mén        一扇門

yì tái diàn shi       一台電視

diàn nǎo     電腦

yí shàn chuāng hu        一扇窗戶

mǎ tǒng      馬桶

yào shi       鑰匙

yì jiān kè tīng       一間客廳

yí jīen chú fáng    一間廚房

yí shàn chuāng hu        一扇窗戶

yōng bào    擁抱

qīn     親

xià biān       下邊

shōu yīn jī   收音機

tīng    聽

zhàn  站

zuò    坐

bēi zi 杯子

tā shì cóng měi guó lái de.    她是從美國來的。

cóng 從

jìn      近

yuǎn  遠

rèn shi        認識

gāo xìng     高興

rèn shi nǐ hěn gāo xìng 認識你很高興。

míng zì       名字

nǐ jiào shén me míng zì?       你叫甚麼名字?

wò shì        臥室

chú fáng     廚房

yí tào xī zhuāng   一套西裝

yì tiáo pí dài        一條皮帶

yì tiáo lǐng dài      一條領帶

yí jiàn máo yi       一件毛衣

niú zǎi ku    牛仔褲

zǐ se  紫色

huī se         灰色

tóu fa          頭髮

jīn sè 金色

kě      渴

è       餓

lěng  冷

rè      熱

bìng le        病了

hěn hǎo      很好

jiā rén         家人

zhèng zài   正在

一      one Yī

二      two Èr

三      three Sān

四      four Sì

五      five Wǔ

六      six Liù

七      seven Qī

八      eight Bā

九      nine Jiǔ

十      ten Shí

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